The gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) communities have faced much of the blame, discrimination and prejudice linked with HIV/AIDS. A gay person with HIV or AIDS will therefore suffer a double burden of discrimination and negative attitudes towards them – because of having the disease, and because of being gay. As a result of the general prejudice and discrimination against gay and lesbian people, important ways of educating people about HIV and AIDS are lost. For example, sexuality education in schools ignores or avoids discussion about lesbian or gay relationships.
Social prejudice: There is still a lot of social prejudice against lesbians and gay men from their families, in the community; in the workplace; in schools and churches; and in public services.
The effects of double discrimination: LGBTI people often experience double discrimination:
This discrimination can put them at more risk of getting infected with HIV, and make prevention and care work much more difficult. It can also worsen the impact of HIV on their lives.
Reasons for greater risk and vulnerability